No Escape: The Truth about Black Holes

Teacher Page: National Standards


The Online Exploration No Escape includes two sections:
“Is a Black Hole Really a Hole?,” which contains several modules, and “Beats Us — You Explain it.”

“Is a Black Hole Really a Hole” Education Standards
Grade level: 8-12 —Target grade: 10
Learning Outcomes National Science Education Standards Project 2061 Standards McREL Standards and Benchmarks ITEA Technology Standards

By completing the modules “Anatomy of a Black Hole” and “What Types of Black Hole are There?” students will learn basic science ideas about black holes.

 

4. The Physical Setting:
G. Forces of Nature.

By the end of the 12th grade, students should know that:

  • Gravitational force is an attraction between masses. The strength of the force is proportional to the masses and weakens rapidly with increasing distance between them.

 

 

By completing the “Pathway to Discovery” module students learn the history of the discovery of black holes.

Content Standard G:
History and Nature of Science.

As a result of activities in grades 9-12, all students should develop understandings of historical perspectives.

  • Usually, changes in science occur as small modifications in extant knowledge. The daily work of science and engineering results in incremental advances in our understanding of the world and our ability to meet human needs and aspirations. Much can be learned about the internal workings of science and the nature of science from study of individual scientists, their daily work, and their efforts to advance scientific knowledge in their area of study.
  • The historical perspective of scientific explanations demonstrates how scientific knowledge changes by evolving over time, almost always building on earlier knowledge.

1. The Nature of Science:
C. The Scientific Enterprise.

By the end of the 8th grade, students should know that:

  • Important contributions to the advancement of science, mathematics, and technology have been made by different kinds of people, in different cultures, at different times.

Science Standard 13.
Level III (Grade 6-8) Benchmark 5:

Knows that throughout history, many scientific innovators have had difficulty breaking through accepted ideas of their time to reach conclusions that are now considered to be common knowledge.

 
Learning Outcomes National Science Education Standards Project 2061 Standards McREL Standards and Benchmarks ITEA Technology Standards
As a result of completing the “What Do You Know About Black Holes?” module students will learn about the myths and facts associated with black holes.    

Language Arts Standard 7.
Level III (Grades 6-8) Benchmark 1:

Uses reading skills and strategies to understand a variety of informational texts (e.g., electronic texts; textbooks; biographical sketches; directions; essays; primary source historical documents, including letters and diaries; print media, including editorials, news stories, periodicals, and magazines; consumer, workplace, and public documents, including catalogs, technical directions, procedures, and bus routes).

Level IV (Grade 9-12) Benchmark 1:
Uses reading skills and strategies to understand a variety of informational texts (e.g., textbooks, biographical sketches, letters, diaries, directions, procedures, magazines, essays, primary source historical documents, editorials, news stories, periodicals, catalogs, job-related materials, schedules, speeches, memoranda, public documents, maps).

 
Learning Outcomes National Science Education Standards Project 2061 Standards McREL Standards and Benchmarks ITEA Technology Standards
By completing the module “A Calculated Escape” students learn how mathematics can be used to find escape velocity.  

2. The Nature of Mathematics:
B. Mathematics, Science, and Technology.

By the end of the 12th grade, students should know that:

  • Mathematics provides a precise language for science and technology-to describe objects and events, to characterize relationships between variables, and to argue logically.
   

Beats Us — You Explain it” Education Standards
Grade level: 8-12 — Target grade: 10
Learning Outcomes National Science Education Standards McREL Standards & Benchmarks
By completing the section “Beats Us - You Explain it.” students write about black holes to a specific audience.

Content Standard A: Science as Inquiry.
As a result of activities in grades 9-12, all students should develop abilities necessary to do scientific inquiry.

  • Communicate and Defend a Scientific Argument.
    Students in school science programs should develop the abilities associated with accurate and effective communication. These include writing and following procedures, expressing concepts, reviewing information, summarizing data, using language appropriately, developing diagrams and charts, explaining statistical analysis, speaking clearly and logically, constructing a reasoned argument, and responding appropriately to critical comments.

Language Arts Standard 1.
Level III (Grade 6-8) Benchmark 5:

Uses content, style, and structure (e.g., formal or informal language, genre, organization) appropriate for specific audiences (e.g., public, private) and purposes (e.g., to entertain, to influence, to inform).

Level IV (Grade 9-12) Benchmark 5:
Uses strategies to address writing to different audiences (e.g., includes explanations and definitions according to the audience's background, age, or knowledge of the topic, adjusts formality of style, considers interests of potential readers).



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